The Minnesota home has three bedrooms, two bathrooms and is part of 3.77 “extremely private acres at the end of a quiet cul de sac” in St. Louis Park, just a few miles from downtown Minneapolis.
The house itself is 2,647 square feet and full of vaulted ceilings and huge floor-to-ceiling windows. The floors throughout the entire house are done in Frank Lloyd Wright’s signature hue—Cherokee Red.
Wright started the project in 1958, but construction was completed after his death in 1960. He designed almost all of the furniture and fixtures in the house.
The house also has a finished basement, which is rare in a Frank Lloyd Wright home.
The house has many of the classic FLW features, including an enormous great room with a stunning fireplace.
It also has dining chairs, lamps, and cabinet pulls created from original designs by the architect.
And just look at these stunning views—you could hardly find a more gorgeous property, no matter what season it is.
Though $1.359 million is certainly a chunk of change, especially in Minneapolis, this might turn out to be a good investment. In 2015, some of Wright’s most famous works were nominated as UNESCO World Heritage sites.
The group, which included Fallingwater, Taliesin West, and Unity Temple, was slated for later consideration, which means the properties will most likely be resubmitted this year.
Translation: if you bide your time (and with a little luck), the value of this property could skyrocket.
But for now, it’s just a gorgeous house on a beautiful piece of land. Whether you love Frank Lloyd Wright specifically or are just an architecture buff, this is one open house you won’t want to miss.
Love Frank’s work? Here’s a map of where his works are located across the country:
Enjoy this little video to get a full tour of the house:
Religion Reporter (ZimEye)| Inside the ark encounter, the greatest story ever told comes to life on four floors- throngs of pilgrims some arriving in two by two’s bear witness to Noah and all those animals.
This timber frame ark is rectangular and enormous, 7 stories tall almost two football fields long, all its dimensions straight from the pages of Genesis.
The ark Encounter, which features a replica of Noah’s Ark, is a Christian theme park that opened in Grant County, Kentucky on July 7, 2016, despite protests. The centerpiece of the park is a full-scale model of Noah’s Ark 510 feet long, 85 feet wide, and 81 feet high. VIDEO:
French designer Marlène Huissoud explains how she produced a range of “glass” and “leather” objects using resin collected from beehives and silkworm cocoons in this movie from Eindhoven.
Huissoud‘s project From Insects aims to showcase the “unique” and “precious” materials that can be created from insect by-products.
“I’m showing two different materials that come from two different insects,” Huissoud says in the movie, which was filmed at Dutch Design Week last year. “It’s a celebration of the properties of these materials.”
Huissoud, who comes from a family of beekeepers, has produced a series of vases out of a kind of biodegradable resin called propolis. The resin is produced by bees from plant matter and used to fill small gaps in a beehive.
“The bees collect it and use it as a sealant,” Huissoud explains. “Once a year the beekeeper has to remove this material in order to extract the honey.”
“[Propolis has] different properties depending on the trees [the bees produce it from],” she explains. “The one that I’ve been exploring is from rubber trees. It has a really unique glass-like aspect.”
With a much lower melting point, the material is easier to manipulate than glass, Huissoud says, but produces similar – if slightly smellier – results when set.
“The smell comes from the beehive and is very strong,” she says. “It will last a long time, so if you want a piece [in your home], you’re going to have a smell with it as well.”
The second material Huissoud has developed is made from the cocoons of a species of Indian silkworm, which is bred primarily for the food industry rather than silk production.
The cocoons contain a natural glue called sericin that binds the fibres of silk together when heat and water is applied.
“[The cocoon] is like an onion; it has different layers of fibres and it contains an amazing natural glue,” Huissoud explains. “You can make a really strong paper out of it.”
Huissoud discovered that by combining this paper-like material with propolis, she could make a material with many of the properties of leather.
“I used the bee bioresin as a varnish on top of it,” she says. “This new material is very similar to leather and it can be used in fashion or furniture.”
Both materials are made from the natural by-products of insects, but Huissoud doesn’t believe the processes could be scaled up to produce more sustainable materials in future. Propolis is actually very rare, with a single hive producing no more than 100 grams a year, she says.
“It is really a craft project,” she explains. “I don’t see it having industrial potential because bee bioresin is so precious.”
This movie was filmed in Eindhoven at Dutch Design Week 2014. The music in the movie is a track called Family Music by local hip hop producer Y’Skid.
Nine citizen and environmental groups are urging West Virginia Gov. Earl Ray Tomblin to reconsider his plans to let companies drill for oil and natural gas underneath the Ohio River, citing concerns that drilling and fracking could contaminate the drinking water supply and increase the risk of earthquakes in the region.
In a letter sent to the governor this month, the coalition of Ohio- and West Virginia-based groups said Tomblin’s Department of Environmental Protection has not proved that it can adequately protect the Ohio River, which supplies drinking water to more than 3 million people. The groups cited drilling currently taking place in a state-designated wildlife area, which some have complained is unacceptably disrupting the nature preserve, and a chemical spill in January that tainted the drinking water supply for 300,000 people.
“The well-documented deficient enforcement capability of the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection’s Office of Oil and Gas has been on public display for years,” the letter reads. “How are we ever to believe that the state has the political will, technical capability and community commitment to guarantee that adequate controls, timely supervision and, when needed, ruthless enforcement would occur on well pads that close to the Ohio River?”
On Friday, Tomblin’s administration opened up the process for companies to bid on oil and gas leases located 14 miles underneath West Virginia’s section of river, which also acts as a natural border with Ohio. The bids would allow for companies to use the controversial process of hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, to stimulate the wells.
State Commerce Secretary Keith Burdette told the Associated Press that drilling would be necessary because “budgets are very tight.” Indeed, the AP pointed out that the state has already received a $17.8 million bid from Triad Hunter LLC, which would also include 18 percent in royalties for the state on the oil that’s extracted.
It remains to be seen how big of a risk to the drinking water supply fracking would pose to the Ohio River. As Burdette told the AP, some leases under the Ohio River date back 25 years — though it’s likely that those wells used conventional drilling, and not fracking. Environmental advocates worry that fracking poses a bigger risk to water supplies than conventional drilling because of the chemicals used in the process, and the large amount of contaminated wastewater it produces. Science on the issue has been all but definitive, and the EPA is currently in the process of conducting a study that would clarify the technique’s impact on drinking water.
For the coalition of groups opposing the practice, though, drinking water is not the only concern. In their letter, the groups said that there is a fault line located near West Virginia’s proposed drilling site, and that drilling would increase the risk of earthquakes in the region. Though drilling itself is not linked to quakes, scientists have found evidence “directly linking” earthquakes to wastewater injection, a process widely used during fracking to dispose of large amounts of wastewater underground.
“Where one state decides to drill should never put residents of their own state or another state in harm’s way,” the letters reads. “The exploitation of limited natural gas resources under the river could degrade our water quality, reduce the recreational and aesthetic value of the river, and cause health problems for millions of people.”
After the Ohio River bidding is done, West Virginia commerce officials reportedly said the state would look to other river tracts and a wildlife management area for further drilling.
Dezeen and MINI Frontiers: in the penultimate preview of our Dezeen and MINI Frontiers exhibition, which opens to the public tomorrow, Matthew Plummer-Fernandez shows us how he will generate personalised 3D-printable driving companions for visitors at the show.
Inspired by dashboard bobbleheads and the figures of gods and deities seen in cars around the world, Matthew Plummer-Fernandez imagines a future where we each use a personal 3D-printed driving companion to communicate with our vehicles.
“My project is based on a future that heavily involves assistive personalised avatars for your vehicle,” he explains. “These companions would sit with you to assist you with your driving.”
Plummer-Fernandez is setting up a prototype avatar point of sale at the exhibition, where visitors will be able to have an figurine algorithmically generated for them based on information pulled from their Twitter feed.
“The installation will be an automated service for people to request these 3D-printable avatars,” he explains. “I plan for visitors to be able to request an avatar through Twitter by following the bot account. The bot will respond with a piece that’s generated just for them.”
The installation will feature two screens, one that showcases the product and explains the service, and another on the back revealing the computer code required to generate the avatars.
People who use the service will receive a 3D-printable file on their phone, which they could then choose to get printed if they wanted.
“The system generates 3D-printable files, so all these artefacts that are Tweeted to you could actually be produced in a 3d print factory,” Plummer-Fernandez explains. “And then you’d actually have a physical representation of this automaton.”
He adds: “I hope [the installation] produces a sense of both delight and wonder. And maybe a bit of uncanniness.”
This Village Was Built Inside An Active Volcano. The last recorded eruption killed 140 people in 1785. It was pretty quiet until about 50 years later, when people began once again to occupy the island.
Aogashima can only be accessed by ferry or helicopter.
Some 200 residents occupy tiny portion of the island that has simple amenities like a school, a post office, a general store, and a helipad. Scuba diving, hiking and camping around the volcano, or relaxing in hot springs and geothermal saunas are just some of the activities residents regularly enjoy.
The scalding hot steam vents on the main volcano are used for practical applications like powering the public sauna, cooking food, or generating electricity. Though it’s a two-hour boat ride south, the island is funded as a portion of Tokyo.
Geologists don’t believe the mountain will erupt anytime soon. So you can relax, enjoy a cocktail and abundant free energy while taking in the amazing beauty of the island.
2,000 used plastic ice cream bins were used to construct a microlibrary in Indonesia.
This library is the first of a series of small libraries planned to be built through Indonesia. It’s aim to to enlighten and bring attention to the declining literacy amount the population.
They hope that these building will become cultural hub by offering a space where people can read, learn, and have access to the internet.
The microlibrary was built using simple construction techniques. The first floor of the steel structure made from l-beams and concrete slabs is clad in an unlikely material-ice cream buckets. The buckets were placed in-between vertical steel ribs and slightly tilted towards the outside to repel rainwater.
Due to the mild climate in Indonesia, there is no need for air conditioners. The 2000 buckets were a cost efficient solution which lets daylight reach the interior and facilitates natural ventilation.
Car parts of the future could be made out of a surprising material. Wood.
Researchers in Japan are working to create a strong material out of wood pulp that could replace steel parts in vehicles within a decade.
Work is also charging ahead in the country to develop plastics that can withstand high temperatures, to replace metal for parts near the engine.
These innovations are part of a wider industry push to make cars lighter.
“There is a rush to try and cut as much weight as possible, especially on cars which will pollute more, like SUVs [sports utility vehicles] or pick-up trucks,” says Paolo Martino, principal automotive components analyst at IHS Markit.
Slimmer cars consume less fuel. The US Department of Energy says a 10% reduction in vehicle weight can improve fuel economy by up to 8%.
Manufacturers also want to make electric models as light as possible so they can travel further on a single charge, and help resolve the battery “range anxiety” faced by car owners, Mr Martino says.
And that’s where the humble tree could come in. After all, wood has been used to build ships, homes and furniture for millennia.
Researchers at Kyoto University in Japan say a material made from wood pulp could be as strong as steel, but 80% lighter.
The team chemically treats wood pulp, which consists of millions of cellulose nanofibres (CNFs), and disperses these CNFs into plastic.
Blending CNFs with plastics creates a strong, hybrid material that could replace steel in auto parts, they say.
Prof Hiroyuki Yano, who leads the work at Kyoto University, says the material could be used to make door panels, fenders and car bonnets. The researchers are working with the Japanese government, carmakers and other manufacturers to develop the material.
Cellulose nanofibres are already used in a range of products, from ink to transparent displays.
While the material faces plenty of competition from more commercially established lightweight options, like carbon fibre, Prof Yano believes CNF-based parts could be viable alternatives.
But Vivek Vaidya, senior vice president at consultancy Frost & Sullivan, has some doubts.
He thinks it’s feasible that “non-performance” parts – anything but the engine, transmission and wheels – could be mass-produced from wood pulp-based materials, but that parts manufacturers might struggle to keep pace with auto production lines.
“Most components are supplied on-demand, [so] whether a wood or organic material can be made available in a just-in-time way is definitely a question mark,” he says.
Separately in Japan, researchers are working on specialised plastics for car parts.
Prof Tatsuo Kaneko, from the Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, is developing plastics made with biological molecules.
The new material is also lighter than steel and can tolerate temperatures of up to 300C, the researchers say.
“Plastics haven’t been used in car parts requiring higher heat resistance around [the] engine block because they haven’t been able to withstand the heat,” Prof Kaneko says.
“But the bioplastics I have produced can withstand higher temperatures.”
He’s working with a number of Japanese carmakers, auto part and electronics makers – as well as foreign companies – on the research.
And one of the biggest advantages of using the material, which he says could be a viable alternative to steel in around five years, would be a drop in vehicle weight.
While lighter plastic car parts might help cut vehicle emissions and increase the range of electric cars, doesn’t their manufacture bring other environmental risks?
Prof Kaneko acknowledges that substituting materials like glass for bioplastics could increase pollution, as the waste is non-biodegradable.
But he argues that his materials are kinder overall to the environment than traditional plastics.
The manufacture of conventional petroleum-based plastics results in large amounts of carbon dioxide, whereas bioplastics, made from micro-organisms, produce lower volumes of waste, he maintains.
The drive to use “greener” materials is gathering speed among automakers more broadly.
Frost & Sullivan’s Mr Vaidya says manufacturers are trying to shrink the total carbon footprint of a vehicle and “not just the emissions that come out of the tailpipe”.
The push serves tightening regulations and consumer demand. Both the UK and France plan to ban new diesel and petrol vehicles by 2040, to reduce pollution and carbon emissions.
China, the world’s biggest car market, wants electric battery cars and plug-in hybrids to account for at least one-fifth of its vehicle sales by 2025.
“There’s definite movement towards improving the green credentials of the car by using materials that are more environmentally friendly,” Mr Vaidya says.
To shed weight BMW has focused on carbon fibre, and last month unveiled a new slimmed down M5 sedan with a carbon fibre reinforced plastic roof.
Toyota uses the same material for parts in its Prius Prime and Lexus LC 500 models, cutting weight and boosting battery range in the Prius.
For Jaguar, aluminium is a big focus. The company says the metal weighs about one third of the equivalent amount of steel.
“Every 100kg saved with an aluminium chassis helps to reduce the vehicle’s CO2 emissions by 9g per km, and fuel usage during its life by up to 800 litres,” Jaguar says.
And niche component makers like Corning, which markets its toughened Gorilla Glass for use in windshields and other glass-components, says its high-tech glass is a third lighter than conventional car windows.
Neural networks seem good at devising crypto methods; less good at codebreaking.
Google Brain has created two artificial intelligences that evolved their own cryptographic algorithm to protect their messages from a third AI, which was trying to evolve its own method to crack the AI-generated crypto. The study was a success: the first two AIs learnt how to communicate securely from scratch.
The Google Brain team (which is based out in Mountain View and is separate from Deep Mind in London) started with three fairly vanilla neural networks called Alice, Bob, and Eve. Each neural network was given a very specific goal: Alice had to send a secure message to Bob; Bob had to try and decrypt the message; and Eve had to try and eavesdrop on the message and try to decrypt it. Alice and Bob have one advantage over Eve: they start with a shared secret key (i.e. this is symmetric encryption).
Importantly, the AIs were not told how to encrypt stuff, or what crypto techniques to use: they were just given a loss function (a failure condition), and then they got on with it. In Eve’s case, the loss function was very simple: the distance, measured in correct and incorrect bits, between Alice’s original input plaintext and its guess. For Alice and Bob the loss function was a bit more complex: if Bob’s guess (again measured in bits) was too far from the original input plaintext, it was a loss; for Alice, if Eve’s guesses are better than random guessing, it’s a loss. And thus an adversarial generative network (GAN) was created.
Alice, Bob, and Eve all shared the same “mix and transform” neural network architecture, but they were initialised independently and had no connection other than Alice and Bob’s shared key. For Alice the key and plaintext are input into the first layer of the neural network; for Bob the key and the ciphertext were input; and for Eve, she got just the ciphertext. The first layer is fully-connected, so the text and key can mix about. Following the first layer there are a number of convolutional layers, which learn to apply a function to the bits that were handed to it by the previous layer. They don’t know what that function might be; they just learn as they go along. For Alice, the final layer spits out some ciphertext; Bob and Eve output what they hope is the plaintext.
The results were… a mixed bag. Some runs were a complete flop, with Bob never able to reconstruct Alice’s messages. Most of the time, Alice and Bob did manage to evolve a system where they could communicate with very few errors. In some tests, Eve showed an improvement over random guessing, but Alice and Bob then usually responded by improving their cryptography technique until Eve had no chance (see graph).
The researchers didn’t perform an exhaustive analysis of the encryption methods devised by Alice and Bob, but for one specific training run they observed that it was both key- and plaintext-dependent. “However, it is not simply XOR. In particular, the output values are often floating-point values other than 0 and 1,” they said.
In conclusion, the researchers—Martín Abadi and David G. Andersen—said that neural networks can indeed learn to protect their communications, just by telling Alice to value secrecy above all else—and importantly, that secrecy can be obtained without prescribing a certain set of cryptographic algorithms.
There is more to cryptography than just symmetric encryption of data, though, and the researchers said that future work might look at steganography (concealing data within other media) and asymmetric (public-key) encryption. On whether Eve might ever become a decent adversary, the researchers said: “While it seems improbable that neural networks would become great at cryptanalysis, they may be quite effective in making sense of metadata and in traffic analysis.”
The world’s first test tube burger will be cooked and eaten at a live demonstration of “cultured beef” technology in London next month.
The burger is being created from thousands of strands of artificial meat that have been painstakingly grown from stem cells in a laboratory.
Prof Mark Post will explain how he created the test-tube meat at his laboratory at Maastricht University in the Netherlands, before serving the resulting patty to a mystery diner.
He will present the beefburger as a “proof of concept” that laboratory-grown meat could in future become a sustainable alternative to farmed beef, pork or chicken, potentially cutting billions of tonnes of greenhouse gases currently released by livestock.
The meat could also be deemed suitable for vegetarians because it would dramatically reduce the need to slaughter animals, he is expected to say.
But the success or failure of the product, known as “in-vitro meat”, could hinge on the reaction of the diner, whose identity is expected to be revealed in the run-up to the event on August 5.
Until now the only person to have tasted lab-grown meat is a Russian journalist who snatched a sample of cultured pork during a visit to Prof Post’s lab – before it had been passed safe to eat – and declared himself unimpressed.
The burger will be made up of approximately 3,000 strips of muscle tissue, each measuring about 3cm long by 1.5cm wide.
Each strip is grown from a cow stem cell, which develops into a strip of muscle cells after being cultured in a synthetic broth containing vital nutrients.
The resulting strips begin contracting like real muscle, and are attached to Velcro and repeatedly stretched to keep them supple.
The meat, which will be ground up into a patty with similar strips of fat, may not sound as appealing as a fresh steak but Prof Post said it could satisfy the growing global demand for meat, which is expected to double by 2050.
Speaking at a conference last year, he said he had already produced meat with fibres almost identical to those in real beef, but it had a pinkish-yellow hue which he hoped to turn into a more realistic shade before making his first burger.
“We are going to provide a proof of concept showing out of stem cells we can make a product that looks, feels and hopefully tastes like meat,” he said.
He estimated that the first burger would cost about £220,000 to produce, but next month’s launch is almost a year later than he anticipated at the time. The current cost could be cut dramatically by industrialising the laborious process, however.
Funding for the project was provided by an anonymous and wealthy benefactor, who Prof Post described last year as a household name with a track record of “turning everything into gold”.
The benefactor’s identity is expected to be revealed at the event, although it is not clear whether they will be the person to sample the fruits of their investment.
Prof Post has also previously suggested he would like a celebrity chef to help him cook the burger.